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By Eternalised

In Pursuit of Meaning. I have decided to make it my life’s task to help as many people as possible who seek to enrich their lives with value and meaning.
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Mass Society - A Warning to The World

Eternalised Dec 16, 2021

 The Psychology of The Fool

The Psychology of The Fool

The fool is one of the most relatable, intriguing and recurring figures in the world. There have been fools who have caused surprise and laughter since time immemorial. We worship folly by seeing it in people and in the world and by willingly displaying it in ourselves. It is one of the timeless archetypes, which we all inherit at birth. Many of us suffer from the absence of the fool in our lives. Frenetic and upright, we take ourselves too seriously. As William Shakespeare said, “All the world’s a stage, and all the men and women merely players.” Forgetting that playfulness is a basic human need, we wonder why we so easily become bored and exhausted, losing all capacity for spontaneity, authenticity, and passion. The antidote to this would be to give the fool archetype some space in our lives. “The soul demands your folly; not your wisdom.” - Carl Jung

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⌛ Timestamps

(0:00) Introduction (2:00) In Praise of Folly (3:45) The Wise Fool (5:15) The Fool as Truth-Teller (6:24) Fool, Clown and Trickster (10:24) The Medieval Court Jester (13:54) The Shakespearean Fool (14:38) Parsifal: The Quest for The Holy Grail (17:47) Don Quixote (20:02) Dostoevsky’s The Idiot (22:17) The Fool as Hero (22:54) Ivan The Fool (24:50) The Fool’s Journey (Tarot) (27:57) The Number Zero in The Fool (29:32) Symbolic Transformations of The Fool in Tarot (31:42) The Fool: Precursor to Transformation (34:44) The Dark Side of The Fool (36:04) The Fool and the Child Archetype (36:45) The Fool: The Inferior Function (38:08) The Holy Fool

May 25, 202339:49
 The Psychology of Nightmares

The Psychology of Nightmares

Nightmares. We all have them. But what exactly do they mean? Why do we have bad dreams? Is there any psychological meaning behind them? Nightmares are the source of much of the horror we see in stories, myths, movies and games. They are an encounter with the dark side of the unconscious, which often includes facing some of the most painful aspects of who we are. And one does not know what that part of oneself is, until one confronts it.

Nightmares are the most substantial and vitally important dreams, and are of therapeutic value. They wake us up with a cry, as if all our repressed content forms a bubble which expands until it bursts one night, and we experience a nightmare. They are the shock therapy nature uses on us when we are too unaware of some psychological danger, and shock us out of deep unconscious sleepiness about some dangerous situation. As if the unconscious says, “Look here, this problem is urgent!” The psyche tells us to “wake up” and face what we have neglected. The majority of nightmares represent opportunities for personal healing through much-needed emotional release.

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⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (3:00) Dream-Motifs in Nightmares (3:37) Lilith: The First Nightmare (5:07) The Origin & Folklore of Nightmares (9:09) Non-REM Sleep (Night Terrors) (10:36) REM Sleep (Nightmares) (11:43) Nightmare in Dostoevsky’s Crime and Punishment (15:40) Fever Dreams and Franz Kafka (17:36) Post-Traumatic Nightmares and Recurring Nightmares (19:00) Precognitive Nightmares (20:36) Carl Jung and The Meaning of Dreams (26:07) The Shadow and Nightmares (28:32) The Devouring Mother Archetype (30:39) Active Imagination (33:08) Lucid Dreaming (36:14) Nightmares and Artists (37:40) Nightmare Artists: Beksiński and Giger

Apr 27, 202340:29
 The Psychology of The Shaman (Inner Journey)
Mar 30, 202335:04
 The Psychology of Personality Types (Know Yourself)
Mar 01, 202329:59
 Hermeticism: The Ancient Wisdom of Hermes Trismegistus

Hermeticism: The Ancient Wisdom of Hermes Trismegistus

The legendary figure of Hermes Trismegistus (Hermes Thrice Great) is the inspiration for the spiritual teachings known as Hermeticism. He is a syncretism (joining) of the Greek deity Hermes, the winged messenger of the Gods, and his Egyptian counterpart, the Ibis-headed moon god Thoth.  

The Way of Hermes involved altered states of consciousness in which practitioners went through a training regime that involved luminous visions, spiritual rebirth, cosmic consciousness, and union with the divine beauty of universal goodness and truth to attain the salvational knowledge known as gnosis.

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⌛ Timestamps

(0:00) Introduction (3:43) Renaissance of Hermeticism (9:33) Technical and Religio-philosophical Hermetica (11:38) Where to start? (15:53) Gnosis (18:36) Hermeticism and Gnosticism (21:40) Eusebeia (22:50) The Hermetic Universe: Ogdoad, Ennead, the One (25:20) The Three Worlds: God, Cosmos, Man (28:03) The Three Faculties: Logos, Gnosis, Nous (29:08) Corpus Hermeticum: Introduction (30:48) The Vision of Poimandres (Nous) (37:05) Corpus Hermeticum: Hermes and Tat (43:05) The Discourse on the Ogdoad and Ennead (46:22) Writing as Healing or Poison (Pharmakon) (48:24) The Illusion of Death (50:30) Man as a Divine Being

Feb 07, 202353:14
Philosophy: The Love of Wisdom | A Guide to Life

Philosophy: The Love of Wisdom | A Guide to Life

Philosophy is a mode of life, an act of living, and a way of being. Modern philosophy has forgotten this tradition, and philosophical discourse has all but overtaken philosophy as a way of life. Philosophy is not just an intellectual discipline, which can get abstract and divorced from the real world, but is most importantly a way of life that teaches us how to best live our lives.   

Philosophy is a mode of existing in the world, which has to be practiced at each instant, and the goal of which is to transform the whole of the individual’s life. Real wisdom does not merely cause us to know: it makes us “be” in a different way.   

Ancient philosophy proposed to mankind an art of living. By contrast modern philosophy appears above all as the construction of a technical jargon reserved for specialists.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (2:18) Philosophy as a Way of Life (7:12) Socrates (8:53) Master of Dialogue: Know Thyself (13:30) Plato (15:58) Idealism: Platonic Forms (17:15) Parable of the Cave (19:33) Plato’s Cave in The Matrix (20:16) Plato’s Tripartite Theory of the Soul (22:36) Philosophy as an Exercise of Death (24:56) Aristotle (27:06) Hellenistic Schools (28:25) Cynicism (31:45) Pyrrhonism (34:46) Stoicism (39:45) Premeditatio Malorum (41:03) Memento Mori (42:24) Voluntary Discomfort (43:54) Epicureanism (50:12) Similarities Epicureanism & Stoicism (50:57) Neoplatonism (57:45) View from Above: Cosmic Consciousness

Jan 14, 202359:59
 The Psychology of The Wounded Healer

The Psychology of The Wounded Healer

The wounded healer refers to the capacity to be at home in the darkness of suffering and there to find germs of light and recovery. It is the archetype at the bottom of all genuine healing procedures. As long as we feel victimised, bitter and resentful towards our wound, and seek to escape from suffering it, we remain inescapably bound to it. This is neurotic suffering, as opposed to the authentic suffering of the wounded healer which is purified. The wound can destroy you, or it can wake you up.  As Carl Jung wrote, "The doctor is effective only when he himself is affected. Only the wounded physician heals."

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction: The Wounded Healer (1:39) Chiron: The Wounded Healer (4:03) Asclepius: The Greek God of Healing (6:13) Asclepieia: Healing Temples (11:12) The Importance of Death (15:06) The Wound as Initiation: Hero’s Journey (17:30) The Sacred and The Profane (19:59) The Wound as Initiation: Shamanism (21:49) Compensatory function (22:51) Repetition Compulsion (23:32) Pharmakon: Poison and Cure (24:26) Therapist as Wounded Healer (29:49) Conclusion

Dec 17, 202231:44
 Journey to Hell - The Path to Self-Knowledge
Nov 24, 202236:29
 Loneliness, Emptiness, Anxiety in Modern Society
Nov 07, 202232:49
The Psychology of the Man-Child (Puer Aeternus)

The Psychology of the Man-Child (Puer Aeternus)

The term puer aeternus is Latin for eternal boy. Carl Jung used the term  in the exploration of the psychology of eternal youth and creative  child within every person.   

It is an archetype, and like all archetypes, has both a positive and a  negative side. It can bring the energy, beauty and creativity of  childhood into adult life, or thwart self-realisation and doom us to  both unrealistic adolescent fantasies and experiencing life as a prison.    

The puer is the man-child who refuses to grow up, take responsibility,  and face life’s challenges, he expects other people, typically his  parents, to solve all his problems. He tries to go as high as possible  away from reality, ending up like Peter Pan, the boy who wouldn’t grow  up, who lives in Neverland, a place where people cease to age and are  eternally young. The puer aeternus is also known as the Peter Pan syndrome. This has become an increasingly common problem in our modern age.  

Those who find themselves unable to commit to work, to form satisfactory  relationships, to commit to the discipline of education, to carry the  weight of responsibility, or who feel that their life has become  meaningless, will find the integration of the archetype of eternal youth  invaluable in their life.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (2:36) Adult Struggle with the Paradise of Childhood (15:08) Senex and Puer (16:55) The Role of Play in Jung’s Life (19:24) The Puer Aeternus and The Little Prince (26:16) Integration of Puer Aeternus

Oct 08, 202238:29
The Psychology of The Trickster

The Psychology of The Trickster

There is perhaps no figure in literature more fascinating than the trickster, appearing in various forms in the folklore of many cultures. Trickster is witty and deceitful. He is the timeless root of all the picaresque creations of world literature, and is not reducible to one single literary entity. Trickster tales have existed since ancient times, and has been said to be at the very foundation of civilisation and culture. They belong to the oldest expressions of mankind.   

Tricksters are the breakers of rules, agents of mischief, masters of deceit, and boundary crossers. He is an agent of change, and is amoral, not immoral.  

Trickster is at one and the same time creator and destroyer, giver and negator, he who dupes and who is always duped himself.   

Psychologically, the trickster is an archetype, part of the collective unconscious. Trickster is everywhere, he is an eternal state of mind.   

The integration of the trickster archetype allows us to go from being ruled by our own self-centred ego to a new way of living, in which one has integrity and relatedness. It allows us to become aware of our true emotions, behaviours, and thoughts, that our unconscious persona is hiding, and without which there is no individuation at all.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (0:45) What is The Trickster? (2:35) Primitive Form of The Trickster (3:48) Trickster and Laughter (5:50) Trickster as Agent of Change (7:35) Trickster as Creator and Destroyer (9:40) Trickster as Amoral (10:50) Trickster Figures (17:32) The Psychology of The Trickster (22:10) Trickster and Shadow (24:04) Trickster and Ego Inflation (26:15) The Trickster in Alchemy (29:08) Conclusion

Sep 16, 202231:24
The Dark World of Franz Kafka
Aug 26, 202227:34
Inner Gold - Alchemy and Psychology
Jul 30, 202252:44
The Psychology of Projection
Jun 12, 202231:49
Synchronicity: Meaningful Patterns in Life
May 23, 202228:27
Active Imagination: Confrontation with the Unconscious

Active Imagination: Confrontation with the Unconscious

Active imagination is a technique developed by the Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist Carl Jung. He considered it the most powerful tool to access the unconscious and for achieving wholeness of personality.    

Jung discovered this method between the years of 1913 and 1916, a period of disorientation and intense inner turmoil which he called his confrontation with the unconscious. He searched for a method to heal himself from within, through the power of the imagination.   

Active imagination is a dialogue with different parts of yourself that live in the unconscious. In some way it is similar to dreaming, except that you are fully awake and conscious during the experience.   

If we honestly want to find our own wholeness, to live our individual fate as fully as possible; if we truly want to abolish illusion on principle and find the truth of our own being, however little we like to be the way we are, then there is nothing that can help us so much in our endeavour as active imagination.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (2:02) Confrontation with the Unconscious & The Red Book (4:46) Alchemy and Jung (5:39) Approaching Active Imagination (6:56) Precaution Before Starting Active Imagination (7:46) Inner Work: Active Imagination (9:21) Distinguishing Active Imagination from Passive Fantasy (9:51) Active Imagination Example: Talking with the Inner Artist (11:51) When You Think You’re Making Up Something (13:01) Active Imagination as Mythic Journey (14:10) The Four-Step Approach to Active Imagination (16:25) Step 1. Active Imagination: The Invitation (20:50) Step 2. Active Imagination: The Dialogue (25:00) Step 3. Active Imagination: The Values (27:25) Step 4. Active Imagination: The Rituals

May 09, 202230:44
Owning Your Own Shadow: The Dark Side of the Psyche
Apr 25, 202226:29
The Otherworldly Art of William Blake

The Otherworldly Art of William Blake

William Blake was an English poet and visionary artist whose unique work gives us a glimpse into an entirely different world. His art was ignored and neglected, and few people took his work seriously. He was generally seen as a madman.  

His vivid imagination, visions and mystical experiences lead him to a spiritual task that was the exploration of his inner self. For Blake, the essence of human existence is imagination.

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⌛ Timestamps (0:00) The Life of William Blake (13:16) The Lyrical Poems of William Blake (15:48) Prophetic Books & Mythology (21:35) 1. The Ancient of Days (1794) (22:38) 2. Albion Rose (1794 – 1796) (23:37) 3. Isaac Newton (1795 – 1805) (24:23) 4. Nebuchadnezzar (1795 – 1805) (25:39) 5. The Night of Enitharmon's Joy (1795) (26:31) 6. Satan Exulting over Eve (1795) (27:00) 7. The Good and Evil Angels (1795 – 1805) (28:13) 8. The Angel of Revelation (1803 – 1805) (28:36) 9. Los Enters the Door of Death (1804-1820) (29:35) 10. The Great Red Dragon Paintings (1805 – 1810) (31:20) 11. The Man Who Taught Blake Painting in his Dreams (1819 – 1820) (31:44) 12. The Ghost of a Flea (1819 – 1820) (32:58) 13. Elisha In The Chamber On The Wall (1820) (33:30) 14. The Spectre over Los (1821) (34:38) 15. The Inscription over the Gate (1824 - 1827) (36:18) 16. Behemoth and Leviathan (1825) (36:41) How Blake's Art Can Help Us

Apr 11, 202238:09
The Dark Philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer
Mar 25, 202231:49
Nihilism | Encounter with Nothingness
Mar 11, 202220:59
The Courage to Be: An Antidote to Meaninglessness
Feb 24, 202220:39
The Dark Philosophy of Cosmicism - H.P. Lovecraft
Feb 11, 202230:14
The Dream Artist Nobody Knows About

The Dream Artist Nobody Knows About

Few artists have so powerfully evoked the uncanny otherness of the unconscious like Swiss artist Peter Birkhäuser. His unknown dream paintings were met with blank incomprehension, and were not well-received by the art community of the time, but, viewed today, his vivid paintings bear striking testament to the disruptive and transformative reality of individuation, the purpose of Jungian psychology, which is to seek wholeness of personality by bringing the unconscious contents into reality.  

After a midlife crisis, Birkhäuser dedicated himself exclusively to bringing these unconscious images into reality. Just how hard this struggle with himself must have been is suggested by the fact that it took the artist twelve years to make the great break and paint a picture entirely according to his own imagination, with no model from the real world.   

The fantasy pictures reflect not only the artist’s own personal psychological situation, but also the spirit of the age, revealing what is taking place in the depths of the collective unconscious in all of the people of our time. Because of this, they are not easy to decipher: they are simply there, and wish to be experienced.

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⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction: Peter Birkhäuser (6:06) 1. The World’s Wound (1953) (7:10) 2. The Cat (1949-1955) (8:05) 3. Depression (1954-1955) (8:39) 4. Depression #2 (Date unknown) (9:16) 5. Duel (Date unknown) (9:51) 6. Coming Up (1954-1955) (10:24) 7. The Inward Gaze (1954-1955) (11:18) 8. The Fourth Dimension (1956-1957) (12:30) 9. Imprisoned Power (1958) (13:31) 10. Fire Gives Birth (1959-1960) (13:59) 11. The Outcast (1960) (14:36) 12. Puer (1960) (15:36) 13. The Magic Fish (1961) (16:14) 14. A Birth (1961) (16:51) 15. Alarm (Date unknown) (17:07) 16. The Hidden Power (1964) (17:40) 17. Moira (1965) (18:25) 18. Untitled “The Four-Eyed Anima” (Date Unknown) (18:55) 19. At The Door (1965) (19:41) 20. With Child (1966) (19:58) 21. Anima with Crown of Light (1966) (20:28) 22. The Observer (1966) (20:54) 23. Bear at the Tree of Light (1968) (21:28) 24. Dark Brother (Date unknown) (21:51) 25. Spiritus Animalis II (1968) (22:18) 26. Window on Eternity (1970) (23:04) 27. Sun of the Night (1970) (24:04) 28. The Woman with the Cup (1971) (24:48) 29. 24 of March 1971 (1971) (25:17) 30. Constellation (1971) (25:30) 31. Lighting the Torch (1974) (25:53) 32. Having Speech (1975) (26:15) 33. In The Night of 13 October 1942 (1975) (27:30) 34. Spiritus Naturae (1976) (27:54) 35. Lynx (1976)

Jan 29, 202229:14
Anima and Animus - Eternal Partners from the Unconscious
Jan 21, 202222:29
The Nightmare of Total Equality - A Warning to The World
Jan 14, 202213:29
The Philosophy of Existential Despair
Jan 03, 202213:14
The Persona - The Mask That Conceals Your True Self
Dec 26, 202112:19
Mass Society - A Warning to The World
Dec 16, 202116:09
Carl Jung and The Collective Unconscious
Dec 08, 202115:29
The Underground Man - Dostoevsky's Warning to The World
Nov 28, 202124:49
The Hero's Journey - Experiencing Death and Rebirth

The Hero's Journey - Experiencing Death and Rebirth

In his best-known work The Hero with a Thousand Faces published in 1949, Joseph Campbell describes the archetypal Hero’s Journey or “monomyth” shared by the world. The Hero’s Journey occurs in three sequential phases: separation, initiation and the return. In the climax of the myth, the Hero experiences a psychological death and rebirth. The death of an old aspect of one’s self and the birth of a new and more capable self, receiving insights and experience.  

Joseph Campbell was influenced by Carl Jung’s analytical psychology and his extensive work in comparative mythology and religion covers many aspects of the human experience. The Hero’s Journey is not just a mythological story, but is deeply embedded within the human condition. It tells the story of a person encountering a difficult life problem and their journey in resolving it through personal transformation.   

In therapy, patients who were introduced to the Hero’s Journey as a means of reconceptualising their disorder as a hero quest, rather than an external stressful task, shifted their attitude from passive to active, supporting them to become the “author of their own lives”. This has been clinically tested in a diverse range of issues, such as: anxiety, depression, trauma, addiction, PTSD and psychosis.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction: The Hero’s Journey (4:23) Introduction to the Phases of the Hero’s Journey (5:26) First Phase of the Hero’s Journey: Separation (7:19) Second Phase of the Hero’s Journey: Initiation (9:24) Third Phase of the Hero’s Journey: The Return (11:38) Follow Your Bliss

Oct 30, 202113:59
Mental Illness as a Crisis of Meaning in Modern Society

Mental Illness as a Crisis of Meaning in Modern Society

Modern society has seen a massive spike in mental illness. Why could this be? We will be exploring the characteristics of modernity and associate it with the rise of mental illness. Modernity is associated by scientific and technological advancement, individualism and hedonism. The empowerment of the individual self is one of the most ramifying features of modernity.

In The Myth of Mental Illness, Thomas Szasz suggests that many people who suffer from mental illness is due to the consequence of the attempt to confront and to tackle the problem of how to live. Modern man feels the weight of his freedom and responsibility to live his life, as Sartre asserts, we are “condemned to be free”. Kierkegaard says that one can get lost in the finite (becoming lost in the crowd) or in the infinite (a state of analysis-paralysis). Camus’s absurd person is one who has seen through the ridiculous repetitions of daily life (Sisyphean condemnation). When we do not have a “why” to satisfy our existence, we must search for alternatives or risk falling into an existential crisis.

Nietzsche’s proclamation of the death of God engenders the most profound cultural, sociological and psychological repercussions, leaving many facing a crisis in discerning a meaning or purpose for their existence, leading to a sense of disorientation. Viktor Frankl tells us that we are living in an existential vacuum, the mass neurosis of modern times is the “unheard cry for meaning”.

Modern man is in desperate need for the hero journey, described by Joseph Henderson. Carl Jung analyses the question: “What actually takes place inside the mentally ill?” Sebastian Junger tells us of he importance of a tribe which modern man lacks, and finally, Carl Jung describes the psychic dissociation in modern man.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction: Modern Society and Mental Illness (1:50) The Myth of Mental Illness (3:00) Modern Society: Freedom and Responsibility (5:14) Modern Society: Death of God (6:34) The Existential Vacuum (8:20) The Hero Journey (9:13) What Actually Takes Place Inside the Mentally Ill? (11:45) Modern Society: Lack of a Tribe (14:52) Modern Society: Psychic Dissociation

Oct 22, 202119:09
Nihilism - Friedrich Nietzsche's Warning to The World

Nihilism - Friedrich Nietzsche's Warning to The World

Friedrich Nietzsche provided the first detailed diagnosis of nihilism as a widespread phenomenon of Western culture and warns the world of its consequences, most famously in the parable of the madman where he proclaims that "God is dead".  

Nietzsche was concerned primarily with existential nihilism, where life as a whole has no intrinsic meaning or value. He defines nihilism as the “radical repudiation of value, meaning, and desirability." In other words, nihilism consists in an inability to find value and meaning in the higher aspects of this life and world. It empties the world and purpose of human existence.   

In order to overcome nihilism, Nietzsche proposes a “revaluation of all values”, through concepts such as the Übermensch, the Will to Power and the Eternal Recurrence, seeking to replace the old values with new ones that focus on life-affirmation, rather than some beyond. He tells us to remain faithful to the earth.  

In this episode, we begin with an introduction to nihilism followed by three different manifestations of nihilism throughout Nietzsche’s works: nihilism as despair, nihilism as disorientation and nihilism as a lack of higher values. We then discuss the formal distinction he makes of nihilism in the will to power as active nihilism and passive nihilism. Finally, we consider nihilism in modern man, answer the question: Is Nietzsche a Nihilist? And end with how to overcome nihilism according to Nietzsche.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction: Nihilism (2:19) Nihilism as Despair (3:00) Nihilism as Disorientation (7:25) Ascetic Ideal as Nihilistic (8:30) Nihilism as Lack of Higher Values (13:25) Active Nihilism and Passive Nihilism (14:34) Nihilism and Modern Man (16:24) Is Nietzsche a Nihilist? (17:20) Overcoming Nihilism

Oct 15, 202118:59
KIERKEGAARD: The Knight of Faith
Oct 09, 202111:59
The Shadow - Carl Jung's Warning to The World
Oct 01, 202111:59
What is the Meaning of Life?
Sep 26, 202122:14
What is the Meaning of Death?
Sep 18, 202119:44
What is the Meaning of Self Realisation?

What is the Meaning of Self Realisation?

Life is a journey of self-realisation, of understanding and discovering who we truly are, and of maximising our potential. While this might be a life long journey, one can be closer or further from one's true self.  This video analyses self-realisation from a philosophical and psychological perspective. 

Starting from the father of existentialism, Søren Kierkegaard, where we’ll discuss the self, despair and the leap of faith. Sigmund Freud as the father of psychoanalysis, Carl Rogers’ self-concept and Abraham Maslow’s self-actualisation.   

We’ll then discuss some aspects of eastern philosophy and their notion of self (Buddhism, Taoism, Advaita Vedanta), concluding with Carl Jung’s analytical psychology and process of individuation.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (0:15) Søren Kierkegaard: The Self (1:00) Søren Kierkegaard: Despair (4:10) Søren Kierkegaard: Leap of Faith (4:48) Sigmund Freud: Psychoanalysis (5:40) Carl Rogers: Self-Concept (7:11) Abraham Maslow: Self-Actualisation (7:40) Abraham Maslow: Hierarchy of Needs (8:40) Abraham Maslow: Self-transcendence (9:58) Eastern philosophy: Buddhism (10:50) Eastern philosophy: Taoism (11:22) Eastern philosophy: Advaita Vedanta (12:02) Carl Jung: The Self (13:30) Carl Jung: Individuation (15:38) Carl Jung: Shadow & Persona

Sep 10, 202117:45
What is the Meaning of Suffering?
Sep 03, 202116:55
KIERKEGAARD: How To Avoid Boredom and Maximise Happiness
Aug 27, 202114:00
NIETZSCHE: Living in Solitude and Dealing with Society
Aug 21, 202112:10
NIETZSCHE: The Übermensch (Overman)

NIETZSCHE: The Übermensch (Overman)

Nietzsche’s Übermensch (Overman) is among the most important of his teachings, along with the eternal recurrence and the will to power.  The appearance of the overman most famously occurs in Thus Spoke Zarathustra. He is declared as “the meaning of the earth”. The overman is the ultimate form of man, he is one who overcomes nihilism by creating his own values and focusing on this life, not the afterlife.   

He puts all his faith in himself as an autonomous creator and relies on nothing else. He is the pinnacle of self-overcoming, to rise above the human norm and above all difficulties, embracing whatever life throws at you. He is one who overcomes mediocrity and is not afraid to live dangerously.   

We’ll be exploring the translation and origins of the Übermensch, its connection with Nietzsche’s early conception of the “free spirit”, the relation between the three metamorphoses, the tightrope walker, the last man, the higher man, the death of god and we'll finish by comparing it with the eternal recurrence and the will to power, where self-overcoming is what unites everything together.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (0:22) Translation and Origins of “Übermensch” (1:30) The Overman and The Free Spirit (2:10) The Overman and The Final Metamorphosis (3:41) What is the Overman? (4:40) First Appearance of The Overman (5:57) The Overman and Thus Spoke Zarathustra (8:56) The Overman and The Last Man (9:43) The Tightrope Walker (12:05) The Overman: “The Meaning of The Earth” (13:12) The Overman and The Death of God (15:43) The Overman and The Higher Man (17:55) The Overman, The Eternal Recurrence, The Will to Power

Aug 13, 202120:30
The Present Age | Søren Kierkegaard
Aug 07, 202110:00
Human All Too Human | Friedrich Nietzsche

Human All Too Human | Friedrich Nietzsche

Human, All Too Human: A Book for Free Spirits was published by Friedrich Nietzsche in 1878 and represents a “monument of a crisis” for Nietzsche, a critical turning point in his life and thought.

The book marks the beginning of a second period in Nietzsche’s philosophy, his period as an independent philosopher.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (1:40) The Structure of the Work (2:20) Preface (3:17) I. Of First and Last Things (4:15) II. On the History of Moral Feelings (5:15) III. Religious Life (6:05) IV. From the Soul of Artists and Writers (6:42) V. Signs of Higher and Lower Culture (7:52) VI. Man in Society (8:03) VII. Woman and Child (8:39) VIII. A Look at the State (8:58) IX. Man Alone with Himself (9:27) Among Friends: An Epilogue

Jul 31, 202110:00
NIETZSCHE: The Will to Power
Jul 20, 202121:25
Either/Or | Søren Kierkegaard

Either/Or | Søren Kierkegaard

Either/Or: A Fragment of Life was published by Søren Kierkegaard in 1843, making it his first major work. It was written under the pseudonym Victor Eremita “Victorious Hermit”.   

The book expresses the viewpoints of two distinct figures with radically different beliefs – the unknown aesthetic young man of Part One, called simply “A”, and the ethical judge of Part II, which he calls “B”.  The first part "Diapsalmata" contains some of Kierkegaard's most popular lines, such as the "unmovable chess piece", "the tragic clown", and "do it or don't do it, you'll regret it".  

Kierkegaard was far more interested in making us think than in giving us answers. We are thus encouraged to decide for ourselves the merits of the various viewpoints presented.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (0:13) Preface (0:31) Part I. Containing the Papers of "A". Diapsalmata (1:29) Part I. The Immediate Erotic Stages or the Musical Erotic (2:41) Part I. Ancient Tragedy’s Reflection in the Modern (3:15) Part I. Shadowgraphs (3:57) Part I. The Unhappiest One (4:50) Part I. Crop Rotation (6:14) Part I. The Seducer’s Diary (7:14) Part II. Containing the Papers of “B”. The Aesthetic Validity of Marriage (7:58) Part II. Equilibrium between the Aesthetic and the Ethical (8:58) Part II. Last Word (9:23) Part II. The Edifying in the Thought that Against God We Are Always in the Wrong

Jul 11, 202110:00
Memories, Dreams, Reflections | Carl Jung
Jun 26, 202110:00
Waiting for Godot | Samuel Beckett
Jun 19, 202110:00
The Dream of a Ridiculous Man | Fyodor Dostoevsky
Jun 12, 202110:00
Man and His Symbols | Carl Jung
Jun 05, 202110:00
Man's Search for Meaning | Viktor Frankl
May 24, 202110:00
No Exit | Jean Paul Sartre
May 15, 202110:00
The Plague | Albert Camus
May 08, 202110:00
The Metamorphosis | Franz Kafka
May 01, 202110:00
NIETZSCHE: The Eternal Recurrence
Apr 23, 202113:40
The Gay Science | Friedrich Nietzsche
Apr 16, 202110:00
Nausea | Jean Paul Sartre
Apr 09, 202110:00
The Antichrist | Friedrich Nietzsche
Apr 03, 202110:00
Fear and Trembling | Søren Kierkegaard
Mar 28, 202110:00
Meditations | Marcus Aurelius
Mar 20, 202110:00
Twilight of the Idols | Friedrich Nietzsche

Twilight of the Idols | Friedrich Nietzsche

Twilight of the Idols or How to Philosophise with a Hammer is one of Nietzsche’s last books, written in 1888.   

As Nietzsche was starting to become recognised, he felt that he needed a short text that would serve as an introduction to his thought.   In a letter, he wrote: “This style is my philosophy in a nutshell – radically up to criminal…”  

The book offers a lightning tour of his whole philosophy, preparing the way for The Anti-Christ, a final assault on institutional Christianity, which would be the first part of his Revaluation of All Values. Which, unfortunately, he could not complete, due to his mental breakdown in 1889. 

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (0:50) Part I. Foreword (1:17) Part II. Maxims and Arrows (1:37) Part III. The Problem of Socrates (2:25) Part IV. ‘Reason’ in Philosophy (3:32) Part V. How the ‘Real World’ at last Became a Myth (4:27) Part VI. Morality as Anti-Nature (5:57) Part VII. The Four Great Errors (7:07) Part VIII. The ‘Improvers’ of Mankind (7:42) Part IX. What the Germans Lack (8:30) Part X. Expeditions of an Untimely Man (9:11) Part XI. What I Owe to the Ancients (9:34) Part XII. The Hammer Speaks

Mar 12, 202110:00
The Stranger | Albert Camus
Mar 08, 202110:00
Modern Man in Search of a Soul | Carl Jung
Mar 03, 202110:00
Crime and Punishment | Fyodor Dostoevsky
Feb 23, 202110:00
Existentialism in 10 Minutes
Feb 13, 202110:00
Sigmund Freud in 10 Minutes

Sigmund Freud in 10 Minutes

Sigmund Freud was a neurologist most popularly known as the founding father of psychoanalysis. He popularised and structured the concept of “the unconscious”.  Some of his most popular concepts include: id, ego and super ego, Oedipus complex, free association, repression, libido and the psychosexual stages of development.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (0:50) Dream interpretation (1:32) Id, ego and super-ego (3:32) Free association and transference (4:13) Psychosexual development (5:10) 1. Oral Stage (6:10) 2. Anal Stage (7:20) 3. Phallic Stage (8:26) 4. Latent Stage (9:03) 5. Genital Stage (9:31) Why You Should Read Freud

Feb 07, 202110:00
Jacques Lacan in 10 Minutes
Jan 29, 202110:00
Greatest Philosophers in History | Martin Heidegger
Jan 22, 202124:15
Kierkegaard and Nietzsche | Giants of Existentialism

Kierkegaard and Nietzsche | Giants of Existentialism

Kierkegaard and Nietzsche provided the basic foundations of 19th century Existentialism. It is a philosophy that emphasises the existence of the individual as a free and responsible agent determining their own development.   

They both ended up savagely criticising Christianity, recognising that God no longer exists in the minds of most people. People live falsely religious lives and follow a herd mentality.  In much Kierkegaard and Nietzsche are alike, in the moral decline of society and the corruption of religion, in their existential orientation and in their psychological interests, however they were absolutely opposed on what it means to live a human life to the fullest.  This is largely precipitated by Nietzsche’s complete disillusionment with religion in contrast to Kierkegaard’s continued faith in the existence of God.  Almost one hundred years before it became a historic fact, 

Kierkegaard had prophesised nothing less than the total bankruptcy toward which the whole of Europe seems to be heading. Nietzsche, similarly, predicted the death of God, with nihilism looming dangerously.  Nietzsche urges us to create new values through a Revaluation of All Values, giving way to the figure of the ubermensch, thus man becomes god.   

Kierkegaard tells us that man cannot in any way become God, and a central feature of despair is the inability of a person to manufacture his own identity, something essential is missing, something that would prevent you from simply demolishing the ideal and beginning all over again with a new ideal, such a person lacks something “eternally firm”, God.  

Kierkegaard saw the problem of religious downfall as an opportunity for renewal in Christian beliefs, a chance to embrace Christianity’s original teachings and return to a dynamic and living faith, emphasising the subjective truth of the individual.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (7:10) Roots of Divergence (9:37) Kierkegaard (11:27) Nietzsche (13:31) Our Present Course

Jan 08, 202114:30
Thus Spoke Zarathustra | Friedrich Nietzsche
Jan 03, 202110:00
Lovecraftian Cosmicism | Existentialism, Absurdism and Nihilism
Dec 25, 202014:10
The Sickness unto Death | Søren Kierkegaard

The Sickness unto Death | Søren Kierkegaard

Dec 18, 202010:00
The Myth of Sisyphus | Albert Camus
Dec 12, 202010:00
Notes From The Underground | Dostoevsky
Dec 04, 202009:59
Genealogy of Morals | Friedrich Nietzsche
Nov 27, 202009:60
How To Practice Zen In Daily Life | Be Present
Nov 20, 202008:20
Dostoevsky's Raskolnikov VS Nietzsche's Ubermensch | Existentialism

Dostoevsky's Raskolnikov VS Nietzsche's Ubermensch | Existentialism

This episode explores Dostoevsky's Raskolnikov presented in Crime and Punishment and Nietzsche's concept of the Ubermensch.   Raskolnikov’s pride separates him from society, he sees himself as a sort of “higher man”, indeed an ubermensch, a person who is extraordinary and thus above all moral rules that govern the rest of humanity, and so he cannot relate to anyone of the ordinary people "the herd", who must live in obedience and do not have the right to overstep the law.

Although it is almost sure that Dostoevsky, who died in 1881, had never even heard the name of Nietzsche. Nietzsche on the other hand, not only knew some of Dostoevsky’s principal works, but actually acknowledged that he regarded him as the only psychologist from whom he had anything to learn.

Nietzsche and Dostoevsky together both had strikingly similar themes, both were haunted by central questions surrounding the human existence, especially ones concerning God. They were both keen questioners and doubters.  Both were “underworld minds” unable to come to terms either with other people or with the conditions they saw around them and both of them desperately wanted to create truth.

However, Nietzsche and Dostoevsky take separate paths at the crossroads of illusion. But both understood reality in the same way; both faced reality with the courage of despair. Survival for one meant the embracing of illusion; survival for the other meant ultimately the rejection of illusion.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (1:57) Nietzsche’s Ubermensch (4:02) Dostoevsky’s Raskolnikov (7:00) Conclusion Nietzsche and Dostoevsky

Nov 13, 202010:16
The Philosophy of Laughter - Friedrich Nietzsche

The Philosophy of Laughter - Friedrich Nietzsche

Nietzsche frequently laughs and he especially recommends laughing at oneself. He does not speak of just any laugh, but of a laugh that comes from the depths of man. It is from that depth that one must learn to laugh the superhuman laugh. This laughter arises from the state of anguish and suffering.   

Indeed, comedy must be included within the very art that Nietzsche proclaims is: “the highest task and the true metaphysical activity of this life.”

This is important for those who want to ask clear-eyed questions about the values, phenomena, institutions, and people that they cherish. Laughter makes it possible – if only briefly – to achieve some distance from things one loves, thereby enabling a less biased evaluation of their true worth. It enables one to take oneself less seriously and admit that some of one's cherished beliefs are most likely false.

Perhaps best expressed in his masterpiece Thus Spoke Zarathustra, where the prophet Zarathustra, talks about the “laughter of the herd” and the “laughter of the height”. Other books worthy of mention are: The Gay Science, Beyond Good and Evil and The Will to Power.

Zarathustrian laughter highlights the sense of humour's potential to make your world bigger from your childlike “new beginning” of being amenable to seeing things in a new way, or from a new perspective, and to realise that there are more ways of looking at the world than you previously acknowledged or of which you were even aware of.

It is closely tied to the figure of the child (the final metamorphosis) and amor fati. For Nietzsche, it is vitally important to understand that the tragic and the comic are not polar opposite, but inter-linked modes of experience.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (1:50) Laughter of the Height and Laughter of the Herd (5:06) The Three Metamorphoses (8:10) Becoming Who One Is (11:20) Social aspects of Humour (12:26) Tragedy and Comedy (14:41) Conclusion

Nov 07, 202016:00
The Absurd – Camus, Kierkegaard & Dostoevsky | Existentialism
Nov 02, 202012:00
The Four Stoic Virtues | Stoicism as The Art of Living
Oct 19, 202010:00
Eastern Philosophy and Nietzsche | Buddhism and Hinduism
Oct 15, 202016:10
Greatest Philosophers In History | Albert Camus

Greatest Philosophers In History | Albert Camus

Albert Camus was a prolific French-Algerian philosopher and author who contributed to the rise of the philosophy known as Absurdism. He is also considered to be an existentialist.

This video explores his main ideas: The Absurd, Revolt and Rebellion, as well as his most notable works: The Stranger (or The Outsider), The Myth of Sisyphus, The Rebel, The Plague, and The Fall.

In the Greatest Philosophers In History series we do an in-depth exploration of the most fundamental ideas and views on life of the greatest philosophers in human history.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (4:58) Concept: The Absurd (5:51) The Stranger (1942) (8:06) The Myth of Sisyphus (1942) (13:21) Concept: Revolt (14:10) Camus’ similarities to Nietzsche & Stoicism (15:09) The Rebel (1951) and the concept of Rebellion. (17:39) The Plague (1947) (19:07) Camus and Sartre (19:54) Camus and Dostoevsky (20:36) The Fall (1957) (22:47) Why You Should Read Camus

Oct 10, 202023:22
Greatest Philosophers In History | Jean Paul Sartre
Sep 22, 202020:25
Greatest Philosophers In History | Fyodor Dostoevsky
Sep 05, 202024:44
Greatest Philosophers in History | Søren Kierkegaard
Aug 20, 202021:50
Greatest Philosophers In History | Friedrich Nietzsche
Aug 08, 202022:40
The ART of WAR Explained | Sun Tzu

The ART of WAR Explained | Sun Tzu

The Art of War is a book attributed to Sun Tzu, who is revered as a legendary historical military figure, as well as a philosopher, and whose real name is Sun Wu.   

“The supreme Art of War is to subdue the enemy without fighting” – Sun Tzu.  

The Art of War is not only concerned with modern warfare, but also spreads and influences the mindset of people in politics, games, and business. It presents a sort of philosophy, a state of mind or psychology for managing conflicts and winning battles. It is closely tied to the philosophy of Taoism, which follows the Tao or “The Way”.  This short book covers most elegantly the strategies that one ought to bear in mind for the defeat of the enemy.

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━━━━━━━━━━━━━ ⌛ Timestamps (0:00) Introduction (2:23) Chapter 1. Laying Plans (3:06) Chapter 2. Waging War (3:42) Chapter 3. Attack by Stratagem (4:25) Chapter 4. Tactical dispositions (4:32) Chapter 5. Energy (5:06) Chapter 6. Weak points and strong (5:33) Chapter 7. Maneuvering (6:16) Chapter 8. Variation of tactics (7:09) Chapter 9. The army on the march (7:48) Chapter 10. Terrain (8:26) Chapter 11. The nine situations (10:10) Chapter 12. Attack by fire (10:24) Chapter 13. The use of spies

Jul 28, 202011:52
1984 Explained | George Orwell
Jul 28, 202011:12
Psychedelics Explained | Revealing The Mind
Jul 28, 202014:01
Taoism Explained - The Art of Flow | Lao Tzu
Jul 28, 202010:02
Shadow Jungian Archetype in 10 Minutes
Jul 28, 202010:30
Jungian Archetypes In 10 Minutes
Jul 28, 202010:01
How To Practice Stoicism in Daily Life | Modern Stoic
Jul 28, 202007:00