Lenny Goldberg Bible Classes
By lenny goldberg
Lenny Goldberg Bible Classes Mar 30, 2023
Shmuel 1 Ch. 27 v.8-12 David Raids the Neighbors, Lies to Achish
While at Ziklag, David and his men raid the Negev, kill the inhabitants, and bring the spoil to Achish. Daivd misleads Achish, telling him that he's raiding Jewish areas.
Shmuel 1 Ch.27 v.1-7 David Flees to Philstine Territory
David leaves the land of Israel for the land of the Philistines, and makes an arrangement with Achish the King of Gat.
Shmuel 1 Ch.26 v.18-25 David and Saul's Final Conversation
David speaks to Saul from afar and rebukes him. Saul is remorseful, but David doesn't trust him.
Shmuel 1 Ch. 26 v.13-17 David Calls Out Avner Ben Nir
After taking King Saul's spear and water and crossing to the other side, David rebukes Saul's Captian of the Host - Avner Ben Nir
Shmuel 1 Ch.26 v.9-12 David Takes King Saul's Spear and Water
While the entire camp is asleep, David and Avishai descend to the army camp and take Saul's spear and water vessel. Why?
Samuel 1 Ch. 26 v.1-8 David Sneaks Into King Saul's Camp
David and Avishai make the daring move into King Saul's well-protected army camp
Shmuel 1 Ch. 25 v.44-45 How Could Saul Give Michal To Another Man?
At the end of ch. 25, King Saul marries Michal off to Paltiel ben Lysh. Isn't Michal married to David? How does David take her back as a wife?
Shmuel 1 Chapter 25 v. 36-44 Naval Turns to Stone, David Proposes to Avigail
Avigail tells her husband Naval what happened, and Naval goes into a 10 day coma before dying. David then proposes to Avigail and marries her.
Shmuel 1 Ch. 25 v. 22-35 David Heeds Avigail's Advice
After Avigails's convincing speech, David agrees not to continue with his rampage against Naval.
Shmuel 1 Ch.25 v.23-31 Avigail's Epic Speech
Avigail intercepts David and tries to convince him not to go through with his plan to wipe out Naval's household
Shmuel Ch. 25 v. 14-22 Avigail to the Rescue
After getting word of what happened between Naval and David's men, Avigail springs into action to save the situation
Shmuel 1 Ch.25 v.9-14 Naval's Refusal, David's Explosion
After Naval harshly rejects David's messengers, David takes his 400 men to wipe out Naval and his household.
Shmuel 1 Ch.25 v. 1-8 David "asks" Naval for food
While Naval is having a "chag HaGez" - a sheep shearing party, David takes the opportunity to send his men to get some food.
Shmuel 1 Ch. 24 v. 12-24 David Rebukes Saul, Saul Confesses Guilt
David lets Saul know he could have killed him, Saul admits his guilt, breaks down and cries...
Shmuel 1 Ch. 24 v. 7-11 David Emerges From the Cave to Confront Saul
After cutting the corner of his coat, Saul exists the cave to rebuke King Saul
Shmuel 1 Ch. 24 v. 1-6 David Cuts Saul's Robe in the Cave
David and his men are trapped in a cave in Ein Geddi, and then King Saul walks in alone. Now, Saul is the one who's trapped....
Shmuel 1 Ch.23 v.21-28 David is Trapped in Midbar Zif
The Zifites inform as to David's whereabouts, and King Saul gives chase. David is trapped, and only a miracle can save him.
Shmuel 1 Ch.23 v.14-21 The Zifim Inform on David
While in the Zif desert, Yonatan visits David, and the Zif residents squeal to King Saul on David's whereabouts.
Shmuel 1 Ch.23 v.7-13 David is Trapped in Kiela
Shmuel 1 Ch.23 v.1-6 David Comes to the Rescue of the City of Kiela
The residents of the Jewish city Kiela need help from the looting Philistines.
Shmuel 1 Ch. 22 v. 10-24 Massacre in Nov - Saul kills the Priests
King Saul rules that the priests in Nov collaborated with David, and puts them to death
Shmuel 1 Ch. 22 v. 6-10 Doeg Snitches on the Priests
After King Saul's speech, Doeg reveals what he saw in Nov between David and Achimelech
Shmuel 1 Ch.22 v. 1-5 David is Joined by the Malcontents
400 men of dubious character join David in the Judean desert
Shmuel 1 Ch. 21 vs. 10-14 David Flees to the King of Gat
David departs Nov, and arrives in the Philistine city of Gat, ruled by King Achish
Shmuel 1 Ch.21 v.1-9 David Runs to the City of Priests for Assistance
David seeks help from Achimelech, the priest at Nov, the city of priests
The Next Day After Hanukah
Following the purification of the Temple on the 25th of Kislev, the local heathens attacked the Jews throughout the land of Israel.
Shmuel 1 Ch 20 v.25-42 Yonatan Warns David of the Danger
After getting scolded at the Rosh Chodesh table by his father, Yonatan warns David of the impending danger
Shmuel 1 Ch.20 v.23-31 David is Absent on Rosh Chodesh
David and Yonatan's plan goes into effect when David's vacant seat is noticed by King Saul on Rosh Chodesh
Shmuel 1 Ch. 20 vs. 8-22 David and Yonatan Plan the Strategy
David and Yonatan work out the details of how they are going to communicate Saul's response at the Rosh Chodesh meal
Shmuel 1 Ch. 20 vs. 1-7 David Designs a Plan to Test King Saul
David turns to Yonatan to help him find out where his father is holding.
Shmuel 1 Ch. 19 v.11-24 Michal Helps David Escape
With King Saul in pursuit, his daughter Michal helps David escape through the window. Saul continues the chase and ends up "prophesizing" on the floor.
Shmuel 19 v. 1-11 Yonatan Makes Peace Between Saul and David
Yonatan convinces his father that David should not be harmed, but it doesn't last...
Shmuel 1 Ch. 18 v.22-30 David Doubles Down and Brings 200 Philistine Foreskins
King Saul offers David his daughter Michal, on the condition that he brings back 100 foreskins of the Philistines. David is happy to oblige
Shmuel 1 Ch.18 v.10-20 King Saul Tries to Kill David
By chucking a spear at him, by sending him out to dangerous wars, by dangling his daughters as bait, King Saul tries to get David killed
Shmuel 1 Ch.18 vs.1-9 David and Yonatan's Friendship; Saul's Jealousy
David and Yonatan make a pact. Saul becomes the sworn enemy of David when he hears the Jewish women praise him. What were they singing, anyway?
Shmuel 1 Ch.17 v.54-57 What is King Saul Asking?
King Saul suddenly doesn't seem to know who David is. What's going on?
Shmuel 1 Ch. 17 vs. 45-53 David and Goliath - the Battle
David knocks out Goliath with a slingshot, in the first round. He then cuts off Goliath's head to finish off the job.
Shmuel 1 Ch. 17 v.38-44 David Reject Saul's Armor and Confronts Goliath
King Saul gives David the green light and dresses David in his armor. But David prefers doing it his way.
Shmuel 1 Ch.17 v.27-37 Forget About Pikuach Nefesh - David's Going In...
King Saul tries to convince David that he is forbidden by Jewish law to fight Goliath. David has the answers. In the meantime, David's older brother, Eliav, tries to take the air out of his sails...
Shmuel 1 Ch.17 vs.17-26 "Who Is This Uncircumcized Philistine"?
David arrives to the battlefield and encounters Goliath for the first time.
Shmuel Ch.17 vs.11-16 Where was Yonatan during this whole Goliath ordeal? Who was Jesse from Bethlehem?
Why didn't Yonatan step up to fight the blaspheming giant? We learn about David's father Jesse, and why David wasn't in Saul's army at the time.
Shmuel 1 Ch. 17 v.1-10 Sizing Up Goliath
This iconic Bible episode opens up with a physical description of Goliath, and his proposal to the Jewish army.
Samuel 1 Ch.16 v 16-23 David Plays For King Saul
David is brought to the palace to soothe King Saul's evil spirit.
Shmuel 1 Ch. 16 vs. 11-16 David is Anointed, Saul is Disjointed
David is anointed by the prophet Shmuel in Bethlehem. A spirit of G-d passes over him, and departs from King Saul
Shmuel 1 Ch. 16 David the Moabite
We review what made David an outcast in his family. What are his origins?
Shmuel 1 Ch.16 v.1-12 Shmuel Arrives in Bethlehem to Anoint a New King
Shmuel arrives at the house of Jesse, prepared to anoint one of his sons.... they all pass before Shmuel, except one, whose tending the sheep
Shmuel 1 Ch.15 v.15-35 Shmuel Shows 'em How it's Done - Hews Agag
King Saul tries to save face, requests that Shmuel doesn't leave him... Shmuel proceeds to hack King Agag into pieces.
Shmuel 1 Ch.15 v.13-24 King Saul's Claim, Shmuel's Rebuke
Shmuel Ch.15 v. 7-12 Saul and the People Spare King Agag
King Saul fails in his mission to wipe out Amalek. What was the "mercy" involved here? Why is Saul paralleled to what happened in the days of Elijah the prophet? Why is Samuel the prophet taking it so hard?
Shmuel 1 Ch.15 v1-6 Shmuel Commands King Saul to Wipe Out Amalek
Saul is commanded by the prophet to wipe out Amalek, but is having problems with this particular mitzvah.
Shmuel 1 Ch. 14 v.41-51 Why Wasn't King Saul Answered - Solving the Mystery
Why didn't the Urim and Turim answer King Saul. Why did the lottery fall on Yonatan if he didn't eat intentionally?
Shmuel 1 Ch. 14 v.24-41 King Saul Adjures His Men Not to Eat
While chasing the Philistines, Saul bounds the people by an oath that they will fast until the battle is over
Shmuel 1 Ch. 14 v.11-23 Pandemonium Breaks Loose in the Philistine Camp
Shmuel 1 Ch. 14 v.1-10 Yonatan Goes For It
With odds against the Jewish army, Yonatan decides to go on offense. We also examine why the first king of Israel chosen wasn't from the tribe of Yehuda
Shmuel 1 Ch. 13 v.7-23 King Saul's Faith is Put to the Test
With the Philistines mobilizing and his troops diminishing, King Saul has to wait for the prophet Shmuel for seven days.
Shmuel 1 Ch. 13 v. 1-6 The Jews Rebel Against Philistine Occupation
Jonathan smites the Philistine garrison in Geva Binyamin, and all hell breaks loose.
Shmuel 1 Chapter 12 v.12-25 Shmuel Brings Down Thunder and Rain to Prove His Point
Shmuel continues his rebuke, and brings examples in Jewish history
Shmuel 1 Ch. 12 v. 1-12 Shmuel the Prophet's Parting Message
Shmuel chastises and warns the people for requesting a king in his farewell message.
Samuel 1 Ch. 11 The Ammonites Attack - King Saul to the Rescue
On the east bank of the Jordan River, the Jews of Yavesh Gilad are attacked by KIng Nachash of Amon, who threatens to make of them one-eyed slaves.
Samuel 1 Ch. 10 v7-27 Saul is Hiding in the Baggage
Saul is chosen as King from amongst his brethren in a public forum. Is his modesty over the top?
Shmuel 1 Ch.10 v.1-6 Saul is Anointed as King of Israel
Samuel the prophet anoints Saul, and tells him of the signs he will encounter on his way
Shmuel 1 Ch.9 v.18-27 Saul is Guest of Honor
Samuel takes Saul under his wing, and sets up a banquet for him.
Shmuel 1 Ch.9 v.6-17 Saul Seeks Out the Prophet Shmuel
In his search for his lost donkeys, Saul is trying to track down Shmuel the Prophet
Shmuel 1 Ch.9 vs.1-5 Meet Saul, the First King of Israel
The verses explain why G-d chose Saul to be Israel's first king.
Shmuel 1 Ch.8 v.18-22 The People Insist, Despite Shmuel's Objections, to Request a King
What is the role of the Jewish King?
Shmuel 1 Ch.8 v 1-17 The People Request a King
Shmuel has grown old, the people want a change in leadership
Shmuel 1 Ch.7 v.7-17 Shmuel the Prophet - A National Leader Too
The Philistines attack while Shmuel has assembled them.
Shmuel 1 Ch.7 v.1-6 The prophet Shmuel brings the Jews to repentance
Shmuel gathers the children of Israel for a prayer session and preparations for war
Shmuel 1 Ch.6 v.7-21 The Philistines Return the Arc to Bet Shemesh
The Jews of Beit Shemesh are also hit hard by the Holy Arc
Shmuel 1 Ch. 6 v.1-6 Consulting with Priests and Wizards
The Philistines consult with their spiritual leaders regarding what to do with the Holy Arc
Shmuel 1 Ch. 5 Hemorrhoiders of the Lost Arc
The Holy Arc creates havoc in the land of the Philistines
Shmuel 1 Ch. 4 v.15-22 The National Disgrace of the Captured Ark
For Eli and his daughter in law, the national catastrophe of the Arc's capture trumps any personal considerations
Shmuel 1 Ch.4 vs.10-14 Jews are Defeated by Philistines. Why didn't the arc protect them?
The Philistines defeat the Children of Israel, and take the arc. A man of the tribe of Benjamin hurries to Shilo to bear the tidings.
Shmuel 1 Ch. 4 v.1-9 The Children of Israel vs. the Philistines
The Jews take the arc from Shilo into battle with them, after suffering initial defeat at the hands of the Philistines.
Shmuel 1 Ch.3 v.11-21 Shmuel Reveals His Prophecy to Eli
Shmuel receives a prophecy, and eventually becomes a prophet, and changes the culture in Israel.
Shmuel 1 Ch. 3 v. 1-10 G-d Calls Out to Shmuel, Shmuel Thinks It's Somebody Else
The young Shmuel hears G-d's voice for the first time, and thinks it is Eli who is calling him.
Shmuel 1 Ch.2 v. 27-36 The Punishment on the House of Eli
We finish off Ch. 2, where the man of G-d metes out the punishment of the House of Eli
Shmuel 1 Ch.2 vs. 22-26 Rebuke
Eli rebukes his sons, but to no avail. G-d hardened their hearts from repentance. Why?
Book of Shmuel 1 Ch. 2 vs.11-21 The Sins of the Sons of Eli
Hofni and Pinchas, the priests in Shilo, sin to the Lord, and they are rebuked by their father Eli
Shmuel 1 Ch. 2 vs. 1-10 Chana's Song of Praise
Chana brings a song of thanks and praise to Hashem after the birth of her child.
Shmuel 1 Ch. 1 The Birth of Shmuel the Prophet
This first chapter introduces us to the parents of Shmuel, who make the trip to Shilo during the holidays. Chana, the wife of Elkana is barren, and she prays fervently for a son. Her prayers are answered when Shmuel is born. She "donates" him to the Lord.
Kings 2 Ch. 25 vs. 27-30 The Release of King Yehoyachin
After 37 years in a Babylonian prison, the Evil Merodach releases King Yehoyachin. What is the symbolism of this event?
Kings 2 Ch. 25 vs.22-26 Gedalia is Appointed as Governor of Judea
The King of Babylonia allows a remnant to remain in Judea, under the supervision of Gedalia ben Achikam
Kings 25 vs. 18-21 Slaughter in Judea
Nevuzadaran, the Chief Butcher of the Babylonian King slaughters without mercy. He miraculously becomes a convert to Judaism.
Kings 2 Ch. 25 vs. 8-17 The Holy Temple is Destroyed
Nevuzadaran, the Chief Butcher and servant to Nevuchadenzzar, burns down the Temple and pillages the vessels
Kings 2 Ch.25 v.1-7 The Babylonian Seige on Jerusalem, the Death of King Zedkiyahu
In this final chapter of the Book of Kings, Jerusalem is besieged as the Babylonian exile gets underway
King Zedkiyahu and the Prophet Jeremiah
We examine the complex relationship between King Zedkiyahu and the Prophet Jeremiah. We also learn about the oath that Zedkiyahu made to the King of Babylon
Kings 2 Ch. 24 v. 17-20 King Zedkiyahu, the Final King of Judea
As the Babylonian exile approaches, King Zedkiyahu is chosen by the Babylonian king to rule Judea.
King Yehoyachin as seen in the Rabbinic literature
KIngs 2 Ch. 24 vs. 8-16 The Yehoyachin Exile
The Babylonian exile gets underway
Kings 2 Ch. 24 vs.1-7 Babylon Attacks Judea
Babylon overcomes Judea and Egypt in the days of Yehoyakim
Kings 2 Ch. 23 King Yehoyakim
Some of the rabbinic literature about the evil King Yehoyakim
Kings 2 Ch. 23 vs.31-36 King Yehoachaz
King Yehoachaz is anointed after the death of King Yoshiyahu.
Kings 2 Ch. 23 The "Tachlis" on King Yoshiyahu
We try to pinpoint where King Yoshiyahu's religious revolution fell short.
Kings 2 Ch. 23 v.26-30 The Death of King Yoshiyahu
King Yoshiyahu confronts Pharo Necho of Egypt, who is passing through his land, and is shot down.
Kings 2 Ch. 23 v. 20-26 King Yoshiyahu's Passover, Comparing to King Hezkiyahu
King Yoshiyahu initiates a mass aliyah to the Temple on Passover
Kings 2 Ch. 23 v. 15-20 Fulfilling a 300 Year Old Prophecy
King Yoshiyahu unwittingly fulfills an ancient prophecy
Kings 2 Ch. 23 v. 11-15 Continuing the Purge
The verses show us step by step how King Yoshiyahu cleanses Judea, and then moves on to Bet El
Shiur for the 9th of Av - What is the real obstacle to building the Temple?
We examine the usual excuses dismissing us from building the Temple, and then we get to the real obstacle
Kings 2 Ch. 23 vs.4-10 King Yoshiyahu Purges Judea of Paganism
King Yoshiyahu goes on a rampage to cleanse Judea of idol worship
Kings 2 Ch. 23 v. 1-3 King Yoshiyahu Assembles Am Yisrael to Enact the Covenant
KIng Yoshiyahu, in an effort to thwart the imminent destruction, holds a huge Torah rally
Kings 2 Ch 22 v. 14-20 Hulda Unleashes Prophesy of Doom
King Yoshiyahu inquires of the prophet Hulda, and gets the bad news.
Kings 2 Ch. 22 vs. 9-14 Debunking the Bible Critics
What do the Bible critics say about the found Torah scroll in the days of King Yoshiyahu
Kings 2 Ch. 22 vs. 1-9 King Yoshiyahu and the Lost Torah Scroll Mystery
The righteous King Yoshiyahu is presented with a newly discovered Torah scroll. He rents his garments. What is going on?
Kings 2 Ch. 21 vs. 23-26 King Amon
What made Amon worse than Menashe and Achaz? Why do wicked kings enjoy longevity?
King Menashe in Chronicles - He Repents
We address the issue - if he repents, why is he still considered a king that has no portion in the world to come? Why did the decree of the destruction of Judea remain? Why isn't his repentance mentioned in Kings?
What Makes Samson a Gibor?
A shiur on the Judge Samson.
Kings 2 Ch. 21 vs.16 Menashe kills Isaiah the Prophet
Besides idol worship, King Menashe shed innocent blood during his reign
Shavuot, David and Goliath and the Book of Ruth
A shiur on David and Goliath. How is this connected to Chag HaShavuot and Megilat Ruth
What Happened to Menashe?
Explaining how King Menashe, the son of the righteous King Hezkiyahu, could stray so far from the path
Shiur on Lag B'Omer - What Makes Rashbi so beloved?
What was Rabbi Shimeon Bar Yochai? Why do the masses flock to his gravesite in Meron?
Kings 2 Ch. 21 vs. 1-9 The Evil King Menashe
Menashe, kind of Judea, brings in the Baal, Ashera, alters of foreign deities into the Temple.
More on King Hezkiyahu - Why was he almost the Messiah?
In this shiur, we look at the oral traditions which deal with King Hezkiyahu.
Kings 2 Ch. 20 vs.12-21 The Babylonian King Pays a Visit to King Hezkiyahu
What did King Hezkiyahu do wrong in receiving the Babylonian monarch? What warranted such severe punishment
Gems from the Passover Haggadah
Reviewing the basics of Pesach : Redemption, Vengeance, Self-Sacrifice, The Pesach Korban today
Kings 2 Ch. 20 vs. 6-11 Hezkiyahu Requests a Sign
Is it OK to test Hashem and ask for a sign? How did Hezkiyahu and Gideon get away with it?
Kings 2 Ch. 20 v.1-5 King Hezkiyahu is Critically Ill
Why is the righteous King stricken with a deadly illness?
Shabbat Zachor - King Saul's War vs. Amalek
King Saul fails to wipe out Amalek as commanded, which eventually brings on the evil Haman, the Purim villain.
Kings 2 Ch. 19 vs. 36-37 The Murder of King Sanchreev
The king of Assyria is murdered by his son. Which one?
Kings 2 Ch. 19 vs. 32-35 Miracle: An Angel of the Lord Slays 185,000 Assyrians
How do historians and professors explain the fall of Sanchreev outside the walls of Jerusalem?
Kings 2 Ch.19 vs. 20-32 Isaiah the Prophet's Encouraging Prophesy
Isaiah answers the prayers of King Hezkiyahu - Sanchreev will fall.
Kings 2 Ch. 19 vs. 14-19 Hezkiyahu's Prayer and Kiddush Hashem
In this shiur we take a deep dive into the concept of National Kiddush Hashem and Hillul Hashem
Kings 2 Ch. 19 vs. 6-13 Isaiah's Prophesy; Sanchreev's Blashphemy
King Hezkiyahu turns to Isaiah the prophet for council. Sanchreev leaves the Jews alone temporarily, but blasphemes the Lord on his way out.
Kings 2 Ch. 19 vs. 1-5 King Hezkiyahu Reacts to Assyrian Threat; The Prophet Isaiah Shows Up
King Hezkiyahu prays to Hashem, and send emissaries to Isaiah the prophet
Kings 2 Ch.18 vs 33-37 Ravshakeh's Blasphemy
The Assyrian representative winds up his speech, blaspheming the Lord of Israel
Kings 2 Ch. 18 vs. 23-32 Ravshakeh Incites Against King Hezkiyahu
The apostate, Ravshakeh, goes on a 20 verse rant intended to demoralize the Jews of Judea, and turn them against their king.
1. Is Hanukah a Religious or National Holiday? 2. Judah Macabee makes a pact with Rome - good or bad?
Hanukah is widely celebrated by secular and religious Jews, but often for very different reasons. Another interesting subject: Judah Macabees brit with Rome - why did he do it? Was it worthwhile?
The Story of Hanukah - Through the Book of the Macabees
Is the Book of the Macabees a legitimate source? What is the true story of Hanukah?
Kings 2 Ch. 18 vs. 14-22 The Assyrian Armies Surround the Walls of Jerusalem
After conquering Lachish, the Assyrians set their sights on Jerusalem
Kings 2 Ch. 18 v.6-13 Hezkiyahu Rebels Against Assyria
Hezkiyahu rejects his father's "derech". He prepares for the imminent confrontation with Assyria.
Kings 2 Ch. 18 v. 1-5 King Hezkiyahu - A Righteous King
How is King Hezkiyahu compared to King David?
Kings 2 Ch. 17 vs. 26-41 The Priest from Bet El Guides the Samaritans
How can a priest from Bet El teach the new heathens in Samaria to worship G-d properly?
Kings 2 Ch. 17 vs. 21-25 Jews Out, Goyim and Lions In
Why are the 10 tribes accused of tearing away from the Kingdom of David, if the split was a decree from G-d. Why did lions attack the new inhabitants who entered Samaria?
Kings 2 Ch. 17 vs. 15-20 Why the Kingdom of Israel was Exiled (continued)
The Tanach enumerates further the sins of the Kingdom of Israel causing their exile - forsaking the statutes, rejecting the prophets, worthless pursuits, Molech worship, bowing to the stars, witchcraft
Kings 2 Ch. 17 vs. 10-14 Downward Spiral of the 10 Tribes
Where did they go wrong? What's the difference between a prophet and a seer?
Kings 2 Ch. 17 vs. 7-9 The Assyrian Empire in the eyes of Isaiah the Prophet and where did the Ten Tribes Go Wrong?
We take a dive into the Book of Isaiah to get the prophet's perspective on Assyria. We begin to review the the demise of the Ten Tribes.
Kings 2 Ch. 17 v. 1-6 The Ten Tribes are Exiled - Tragedy for the Jewish People
Why were the tribes of Israel exiled during the reign of a righteous King? What are the implications for the Jews of the exile today?
Kings 2 Ch. 16 vs. 17-20 King Achaz Damages the Temple and its Vessels
Achaz makes some strange alterations to the Temple. Why? And if he so wicked, why isn't he enumerated as one of the three Kings who has no share in the World to Come (along with Menashe, Ahab and Yeruvam ben Navat)?
Kings 2 Ch. 16 vs. 10-16 King Achaz Builds a Replica Altar, Embraces Foreign gods - Why?
The wicked King Achaz is so impressed by the altar in Damascus, he builds a replica and replaces the original in the Temple
Kings 2 Ch. 16 King Achaz tries to buy the King of Assyria - How does that work out?
For the complete picture of events, we dive into the book of Isaiah, Chronicles and Kings.
Kings 2 Ch. 16 vs. 1-8 King Achaz
Achaz, the wicked Judean King, is attacked by both Aram and Israel. A complete picture of the episode can only be provided by diving into the Book of Chronicles and the Book of Isaiah.
Kings 2 Ch. 15 v.29-38 King Yotam - A "Tzadik" More Than Meets the Eye
We learn about Yotam, both in Kings, Chronicles, and the oral traditions.
Kings 2 Ch. 15 v.16-29 The Final Kings of Israel, the exile of the 10 tribes gets underway
Menachem Ben Gadi, Pekachia, Pekach and Assyria invasion.
Kings 2 Ch. 15 v.8-15 Chaos in Samaria
How did Yehu's dynasty end? Why did the rebellion against the Israeli monarchs emanate from the east bank of the Jordan?
King Uziyahu - Incense, "Lover of the Earth"
What was the attraction of the incense burning on the altar? What can be wrong with being a "lover of the land?"
Kings 2 Ch. 15 vs. 1-5 King Azaryiah (King Uziyahu)
We take a deep dive into Chronicles to learn about King Uziyahu. He was a powerhouse, until he was stricken with Tzaraat...
Kings 2 Ch. 14 vs. 23-29 King Yeruvam
Why would someone call his son "Yeruvam"? Why did Yeruvam enjoy such great national prosperity if he was not a righteous king? What does Yona the prophet have to do with all this? What are the redeeming qualities of King Yeruvam?
Kings 2 Ch. 14 vs. 11-22 King Yehoash of Israel Routs King Amazyiahu of Judea
King Yehoash goes to Bet Shemesh, the territory of Judea, and soundly defeats the Judean army. The temple treasury is pillaged. We then sum up both kings Amazyiahu and Yehoash.
Kings 2 Ch. 14 v. 7-9 King Amaziyahu's War vs. Edom; King Yoash's Parable
We learn from Chronicles some major events in King Amazyiahu's war against Edom. Then, Amazyiahu takes on Yoash the King of Israel. We discuss the motivations behind this, and try to interpret King Yoash's parable about the thistle and the cedar.
Kings 2 Ch. 14 v. 1-7
Kings Amatziyahu, King of Judea is the subject. He executes the assassins of his father Yoash, wars with Edom.
Kings 2 Ch. 13 vs. 22-25 G-d Shows Favor to Effraim
G-d delays the inevitable exile of the Kingdom of Israel because of the brit avot. We review Jeremiah Ch. 31 to see how it relates to the ten tribes.
Kings 2 Ch. 13 vs. 15-21 Elisha's Last Instructions to King Yoash
Before Elisha the prophet passes away, he instructs King Yoash to shoot an arrow out the window eastward, and then to pound the arrows into the ground. What are the meanings of these symbols? Finally, Elisha performs a miracle while in the grave!
Kings 2 Ch. 13 vs. 6-14 King Yehoachaz, King Yoash
We continue learning about King Yehoachaz, who is replaced by his son Yoash. Why do the kings of Israel and Judea have identical names? Yoash visits the prophet Elisha, showing great reverence for the prophet.
Kings 2 Ch. 13 vs. 1-5 King Yehoachaz
King Yehoachaz, the son of Yehu ben Nimshi takes the throne. He continues in the sinful ways of Yeruvam son of Navat. We review the sin of Yeruvam, and try to figure out who the "savior" is, that is mentioned in verse 5.
King Yoash in Chronicles 2, Chapter 24
Regarding King Yohash, the narrative in Chronicles is vastly different than the narrative in the Book of Kings. Why? What caused Yohash to suddenly stray from the righteous path?
Kings 2 Ch.12 vs. 9-22 King Yohash Completes Temple Repairs
After repairing the Temple, the end of the chapter describes how Yoash is attacked by the armies of Aram. After opening the Temple treasuries to bribe the King of Aram, Yohash is executed by his servants. What happened and why?
Kings 2 Ch. 12 vs. 1-8 Yoash, the Child-King Devotes Himself to the Temple
King Yohash is described as a righteous king. He starts to repair the Temple, which had deteriorated over time.
Kings 2 Ch. 11 vs. 13-20 Yoash Crowned, Atalya Executed
In a perfectly executed rebellion directed by Yehoyada the Priest, Atalya is Executed, Yoash is Crowned as the new king of Yehuda. Yehoyada then leads the charge to trash the Baal worship that had been established in Yehuda during Atalya's wicked reign.
Kings 2 Ch. 10 vs. 28-35 Summing Up Yehu Ben Nimshi
We summarize Yehu Ben Nimshi's reign. Was he a tzadeek? How does he go down in Bible history?
Kings 2 Ch. 11 vs. 4-12 Yehoyada the Priest Plans the Rebellion
The priest Yehoyada steps up to rebel against Ayalyia. He enlists allies and plans a rebellion in cooperation with the priests and soldiers. The goal is to crown the 7 year old Yoash.
Kings 2 Ch. 11 vs 1-3 Atalyia Murders the Royal Descent
Atalyia, the mother of the slain King Achaziyahu exterminates the offspring of the royal family. Yehoshaeva, the sister of the king, saves the day. Why did Atalyia do it?
Kings 2 Ch. 10 vs. 18-27 Yehu Slaughters the Baal Worshippers
Yehu feigns that he is loyal to the Baal, drawing all the Baal worshipers to the Temple of Baal. He then proceeds to destroy them all, including their idols.
Kings 2 Ch. 10 vs. 15-17 Yehu Joins Forces with Yehonadav son of Reichav
Who is Yehonadav ben Reichav? Why does Yehu want to ally himself with him? What is the significance of their relationship
Kins 2 Ch. 10 vs. 7-14 Yehu's Terror Against the House of Ahab
The heads of Ahab's 70 sons are severed and placed in a basket, and delivered to Yehu. He then kills the relatives of King Achaziayhu, the king of Judea who he encounters coincidentally.
Kings 2 Ch. 10 vs. 1-6 Yehu Intimidates Ahab's Loyalists
King Yehu sets his sights on Ahab's 70 sons in Samaria. He writes letters to the Ahab loyalists, and gives them an ultimatum
Kings 2 Ch. 9 vs. 30-37 Jezebel is Eliminated
Yehu continues his rampage, and kills Jezebel, leaving her body for the dogs.
Kings 2 Ch. 9 vs. 23-29 Yehu Kills Two Jewish Kings
The new King of Israel, Yehu, kills Yehoram with his bow and arrow, and throws his body into the field of Navot. He also kills Achaziyahu, the king of Yehuda on the fly.
Kings 2 Ch. 9 vs. 11-22 Yehu Rides Like a Madman
Yehu starts the rebellion, and is on his way to kill King Yehoram, son of Achav, in his first move to wipe out the House of Ahab. On his way to Yehoram, he is described as riding like a madman.
Kings 2 Ch. 9 vs. 6-10 Yehu Annointed to Wipe out House of Ahab
Upon being anointed, Yehu is giving the charge to strike down the house of Ahab, whom are the masters of Yehu, who serves as a general in their army. Ahab and Jezebel are cursed.
Kings 2 Ch.9 vs. 1-5 Elisha Sends Disciple to Crown Yehu
Yehu, who at the time was a general in King Yehoram's army, is secretly annointed by the disciple of Elisha. He is hesitant to tell his soldiers about it.
Kings 2 Ch. 8 vs. 22-29 King Yehoram and King Ahaziyahu
Two evil kings of Judea are discussed - Yehoram and Ahaziyahu.
Kings 2 Ch. 8 vs. 16-21 Yehoram King of Judea
The scripture teaches that Yehoram son of Yehoshafat was an evil king. Here we end the string of righteous kings ruling in Judea.
Kings 2 Ch. 8 vs. 7-15 Elisha Goes to Damascus
Elisha goes to Damascus and prophesies that Hazael will replace Ben Hadad as king. Through prophesy, Elisha knows the cruelty Hazael will impose on Israel.
Kings 2 Ch.8 vs. 1-6 The Shunammite Woman is Back
The Shunammite woman has her property stolen while she was away. Through a great coincidence, the king orders that her property be returned.
Kings 2 Ch.7 vs. 16-20 Elisha's Doubter is Trampled at the Gate
The gatekeeper who doubted Elisha's prophesy is trampled at the gate. We examine the reason why the last two chapters repeat what was already in the narrative. Finally, what is the significance that the salvation come about through lowly lepers?
Kings 2 Ch.7 vs. 1-15 Lepers to the Rescue
During the brutal siege, Elisha guarantees a surplus of food. Four Jewish lepers outside the city walls find the camp of Aram abandoned, and eventually report it to their brethren.
Kings 2 Ch. 6 vs.24-33 Aram Beseiges Samaria
When Aram lays a seige on Samaria, famine and shocking cannibalism ensues. The King of Israel blame Elisha for the tragedy.
Kings 2 Ch.6 vs. 8-23 Elisha vs the Aramean Army
When Elisha warns against Aram's ambush, they try to capture the prophet, but no avail. Elisha eventually leads Aram to defeat.
Kings 2 Ch.6 vs. 1-7 Story of Floating Axehead
As the prophets are building a new yeshiva, one of their tools falls into the water, and Elisha pulls off another miracle.
Kings 2 Ch.5 vs.24-27 What are the Similarities Between Gehazi and Jesus Christ?
Elisha curses his servant Gehazi. In this shiur, we go over Trachtate Sota (uncensored version) where the rabbis discuss Gehazi and Jesus to learn important lessons.
Kings 2 Ch.5 vs. 16-23 Gehazi's Greed
Elisha refused Naaman's gift, but Elisha's servant Gehazi chases down the Aramean general, lies to him, and takes a gift
Kings 2 Ch.5 vs.1-15 Naaman the Leper Seeks a Cure in the Land of Israel
Acting on the advise of his wife's servant, Naaman, the commander of the army of Aram goes to the land of Israel to seek a cure for his leprosy. Elisha obliges, but a lot happens on the way
Kings 2 Ch.4 vs.38-44 Elisha Sustains His Students
The prophets are starving and we see various miraculous ways in which Elisha sustains them.
Kings 2 Ch.4 vs.26-37 Elisha Revives the Dead Child
Elisha returns the child to life. We see that for a miracle to work, one has to assert maximal effort, and make it seem as "natural" as possible.
Kings 2 Ch.4 vs.8-26 Elisha and the Shunamite Woman
A prominent woman from Shunem offers to Elisha the hospitality of her home, and Elisha blesses her with a son. The son suddenly dies, and she goes to Elisha for help.
Kings 2 Ch.4 vs.1-7 Elisha and the Miracle of the Oil
Elisha helps a widow (of the prophet Ovadia) who has lost all her possessions . Elisha performs a miracle, where an unending flow of oil flows into vessels she prepares. In this class, we learn some of the rules of miracles.
Kings 2 Ch. 3 vs. 27 What Sacrifice? What Wrath?
In this class, we examine the bizarre ending to chapter three. What did the King of Moav actually do, and what brought wrath upon Israel, causing them to return to their land?
Kings 2 Ch.3 vs. 12-26 Three Kings Against One
Kings Yehoram, Yehoshafat and the King of Edom consult Elisha when their battle plan goes awry. The prophet predicts victory. Moab is indeed routed, but there is one crazy ending to this story.
Kings 2 Ch.2 vs 1-11 Yehoram, King of Israel
When Mesha King of Moav rebels against the Israeli King Yehoram, the King allies himself to Yehoshafat king of Judea for war.
Kings 2 Ch.2 vs. 19-25 The Spirit Rests Upon Elisha
After Elijah descends, it's Elisha's turn to lead. He demonstrates supernatural powers.
Kings 2 Ch.2 v.11-18 Elijah Ascends to Heaven; Elisha's Request
While Elijah and Elisha are at the Jordan River, Elisha requests twice his spirit. Elijah then ascends into the heavens in a blaze of glory.
Kings 2 Ch.2 v.1-10 Elijah Ascends to Heaven
Elisha stays close to his mentor Elijah before the latter's eventual ascent to heaven. They make the rounds to Bet El and then Jericho
Kings 2 Ch. 2 vs. 13-18 Elijah Confronts Achaziyahu
Elijah descends from the mountain, and faces Achaziyahu. He rebukes the king for worshipping the Baal Zvuv (Lord of the Flies), and prophesies his death.
Kings 2 Ch. 1 v.1-12 King Achaziyahu and Elijah the Prophet
Elijah intercepts King Achaziyahu's messengers, they come after him, and are devoured by fire from the heavens.
KIngs 1 Ch.22 vs. 41-54 King Yehoshafat
King Yehoshafat's righteous reign
Kings 1 Ch.22 vs. 34-40 King Ahab Goes Down in Battle
King Ahab disobeys the real prophet, and goes to battle. He is wounded by an inadvertent arrow, but props himself up in his chariot so as not to demoralize the people.
Kings 1 Ch.22 vs.29-33 Unity or Division - What does G-d Prefer
In this shiur, we examine the problematic alliance between Yehoshafat and Ahab
Kings 1 Ch.22 vs.13-28 Will the Real Prophet Please Stand Up?
Michiyahu, the true prophet prophesies disaster for Ahab, and is challenged by the false prophet, Zedekiah ben Chenaanah
Kings 1 Ch.22 vs. 1-12 King Yehoshafat
King of Judea, Yehoshafat, travels to Samaria to meet with King Ahab. They both inquire of the prophets whether they should go to battle against Aram.
KIngs 1 Ch.21 vs. 21-29 Ahab's Punishment and Repentance
Elijah rebukes Ahab with a fearsome curse, and Ahab humbles himself and repents.
Kings 1 Ch.21 vs. 8-20 Jezebel's Wicked Plot
Jezebel sets up a bogus trial with false testimony to kill the innocent Navot. Ahab proceeds to occupy the vineyard.
Kings 1 Ch. 21 vs. 1-7 Navot's Vineyard
King Ahab craves Navot's vineyard, but is rebuffed. His wife Jezebel comes to the "rescue".
Kings 1 Ch. 20 vs. 35-43 Two Parables - What is the Parallel?
What does the parable of the two prophets come to teach us?
Kings 1 Ch.20 vs. 17-34 Wars with Aram
King Ahab triumphs, but Aram prepares a new attack. A prophet assures Ahab and Aram is routed.
Kings 1 Ch. 20 vs. 1-16 King Ahab and Ben Hadad
Ahab caves in to Ben Hadad. When Ben Hadad oversteps and boasts, G-d promises victory for King Ahab and the Jewish army.
Kings 1 Ch. 19 vs, 19-32 Hashem Reveals Himself to Elijah the Prophet on Sinai
Elijah's vision continues. Hashem reveals Himself to Elijah in different ways, and sends Elijah to annoint kings and a prophet.
Kings 1 Ch.19 vs. 1-12 Elijah the Prophet Flees Jezebel
Elijah is forced to flee, journeys into the wilderness and has a Moses-like revelation on Mount Sinai
Kings 1 Ch. 18 v.30-46 Elijah Brings Down the Fire
In dramatic fashion, Elijah brings down fire from the Heavens. The people repent, rain finally pours down, and Elijah escorts King Ahab back to Jezreel
Kings 1 Ch.18 vs. 19-29 Showdown at Mount Carmel
Elijah and Ahab gather the people for a showdown at Mount Carmel between the G-d of Israel and the Baal
Kings 1 Ch. 18 vs. 1-18 Elijah Comes Out of Hiding
Elijah the prophet appears before Ahab in the midst of a severe famine. Their conversation is epic.
Kings 1 Ch.17 vs. 17-23 Elijah Resurrects the Child
When the son of the Zarephath woman dies, Elijah restores him to life.
Kings 1 Ch.17 vs.1-16 Elijah the Prophet Enters the Scene
First we get into the prohibition of building in Jericho, which Ahab was punished for. Elijah rebukes Ahab and flees to the Cherith Brook where he is fed by ravens.
Kings 1 Ch.16 vs 19-34 Omri King of Israel followed by his son King Ahab
Omri wins the power struggle and takes the throne. He consolidates his sinful reign. His son Ahab rules after him, continuing the wicked ways of the Kings of Israel.
Kings 1 Ch.16 v.1-18 Chaos in the Kingdom of Israel
King Baasa's ignominious death, his son Ela takes over. Zimri assassinates Ela and chaos ensues
Kings 1 Ch.15 vs. 24-34 King of Asa of Judea, King Nadav of Israel, King Baasha of Israel
The scripture quickly describes these three kings. Was the civil war between King Asa of Judea and King Baasha of Israel a bad thing?
Kings 1 Ch.15 vs. 9-23 King Asa
The righteous King Asa rules for 41 years. He had constant wars with the Basha the King of Israel
Kings 1 Ch. 15 v.1-8 King Aviam
What kind of King was King Aviam son of Rehavam?
Kings 1 Ch.14 vs. 23-31 King Rechavam Sins, Shishak's Invasion
King Rechavam's Kingdom declines, he is punished when Egypt loots his kingdom
Kings 1 Chapter 14 vs. 13-22 Achiya Continues His Prophesy, Yeruvam Son Dies
Achiya give further as to the fate of prophesy. Yeruvam child dies and merits a huge burial. What was special about Yeruvam's child?
Kings 1 Ch.14 v.1-12 King Yeruvam turns to the prophet Achiya HaShiloni
Yeruvam's wife visits the prophet Achia HaShiloni to learn the fate of her son. The prophet lays down a frightening prophesy concerning the house of Yeruvam.
Kings 1 Ch.13 vs 29-33 Why did the Old Prophet Mislead the Man of G-d
We try to reveal the motive of the false prophet who deceived the true prophet. There are many different opinions amongst the commentators. After all that has transpires, King Yeruvam does not repent from his evil ways.
Kings 1 Ch.13 v.12-28 The Man of G-d Meets the Old Prophet
A false prophet pursues the true prophet. This is one bizarre story, as the old (false) prophet deceives the Man of G-d, and it ends badly.
Kings 1 Ch.13 v.1-13 A Prophet from Judea Harshly Rebukes Yeruvam
A prophet denounces King Yeruvam's idolatry. Yeruvam is punished, and the prophet departs back to Judea, where he came from .
Kings 1 Ch.12 vs. 25-33 Yeruvam Erects Golden Calves
For political purposes, King Yeruvam establishes idol worship in his kingdom.
Kings 1 Ch.12 vs. 12-24 The Kingdom Splits
The Kingdom splits in two, with King Rechavam son of Solomon leading the tribe of Yehuda and Binyamin , and Yeruvam ben Navat ruling over the rest of the tribes
Kings 1 Ch.12 vs. 1-11 Rechavam Goes to Shchem
Rechavam, son of Solomon, is crowned king in Shchem. He takes counsel with his advisors on how to deal with the tribes of Israel.
Kings 1 Ch.11 vs. 40-43 King Solomon Dies
After a 40 year reign, Solomon dies and is buried in the City of David
Kings 1 Ch. 11 vs. 24-40 Here Comes Yeruvam ben Navat
The prophet Achia HaShiloni ordains the split in the kingdom, Yeruvam is annointed King over the tribes of Israel
Kings 1 Ch.11 v.9-24 Split in the Kingdom
The decree of the split in the Davidic dynasty is given. Various antagonists to Solomon begin popping up.
Kings 1 Ch.11 vs 1-8 King Solomon's Sins
Solmon's many wives lead him astray. Was he actually an idol worshipper as the verses indicate?
Kings 1 Ch.10 v.14-29 The Splendor of Solomon's Kingdom
King Solomon's unparalleled wealth and magnificent throne, horses and chariots
Kings 1 Ch. 10 vs. 1-13 The queen of Sheba arrives
The queen of Sheba heard of Solomon's fame, and comes to Jerusalem to test him with riddles. She returns to her land impressed
Kings 1 Ch. 9 More on Solomon's Kingdom
G-d repays his pledge to Solomon, Solomon repays Hiram
Kings 1 Ch.8 v.54-66 King Solomon Concludes his Dedication of the Temple
King Solomon blesses the people and brings offering before Hashem as he concludes the dedication of the Temple and celebration.
Kings 1 Ch. 27-53 Solomon's Prayer
King Solomon continues his prayer, and explains the purpose of the Holy Temple
Kings 1 Ch.8 v.10-27 Solomon's Prayer
King Solomon prays for the success of the Temple and Davidic dynasty.
Kings 1 Ch. 8 vs. 1-9 Bringing the Holy Arc to the Temple
King Solomon gathers the elders of Israel and brings up the Arc of the Covenant from the City of David
Kings 1 Ch.7 Solomon's Palace, Instruments of the Temple
King Solomon build his palace, hall of justice and ornamental pillars. Then he builds the "sea" (see picture).
Kings 1 Ch.6 vs. 23-38 The Cherubim
We continue with the building of Solomon's Temple - the Cherubim, entrance doors and courtyard walls
Kings 1 Ch.6 v.1-22
King Solomon begins building the Temple in the fourth year of his reign.
Kings 1 Ch. 5 v.27-32 King Solomon Mobilizes Laborers for the Temple
Who were these laborers who build the First Holy Temple? How were there still so many gentiles in the land?
Kings 1 Ch. 5 v. 15-26 Solomon and King Hiram
King Solomon's covenant with King Hiram of Tyre. Also, why didn't King David build the Holy Temple?
Kings 1 Ch.5 v.9-14 King Solomon's Wisdom
This chapter delves into the depths of King Solomon's wisdom, and what it entailed.
Kings 1 Ch.5 v. 1-8 Extent of King Solomon's Kingdom
King Solomon's huge dominion, massive wealth and excess of horses
Kings 1 Ch.4 Organization of the Kingdom
King Solomon sets up ministers and regional commissioners to oversee the kingdom
Kings 1 Ch.3 v.16-28 Mishpat Shlomo
King Solomon in his wisdom reveals who the real mother is.
Kings 1 Ch.3 v.4-15 Solomon's Dream
King Solomon goes to the central altar of Givon and has a vision and a request
Kings 1 Ch 3 v.1-3 King Solomon Marries the Daughter of Pharo
Why did King Solomon marry the daughter of Pharo? Where was his halachic justification? What do the sages about this union?
Kings 1 Ch.2 v.38-45
Shimei breaks the "house arrest" that Solomon gave him.
Kings 1 Ch. 2 v.28-35 The Demise of Yoav ben Zruriya
King Solomon sends Binyahau to kill Yoav. This episode delves into the multifaceted personality of Yoav ben Zruriya, aided by the midrashim of our sages.
Kings 1 Ch.2 v.19-27 Dealing with Adoniyahu and Evyatar
King Solomon eliminates Adoniyahu and banishes Evyatar the Priest
Kings 1 Ch.2 v.8-18 David Warns Solomon about Shimi ben Gera; Adoniyahu's Request from Bat Sheva
David passes away after a 40 year reign. Before he dies, he warns his son Solomon about Shimi ben Gera, the Benjaminite. Afterwards, Adoniyahu asks Bat Sheva to intervene on his behalf, to convince King Solomon to allow him to marry Avishag the Shunamit
Kings 1 Ch. 1 v.50-53 - Kings 1 Ch.2 v.1-7 Adoniyahu is Pardoned, David's Parting Message to Solomon
We end chapter 1 where Adoniyahu begs King Solomon for a pardon after his failed rebellion. We begin chapter 2 where David gives his son Solomon valuable advice on how to run the kingdom.
Kings 1 Ch.1 v.32-49 The Anointment of Solomon
According to King David's instructions, King Solomon is anointed, Adoniyihau gets the bad news.
Kings1 Ch.1 v.11-31 Natan and Bat Sheva Persuade King David
Natan advises Bat Sheva, and they team up to convince King David to take action against Adoniyahu. The class emphasizes the different approach each one takes to shake King David out of his slumber.
Kings 1 Ch.1 v.1-10 King David Old and Weak; Adoniyahu Rebels
With King David bedridden, his son Adonyahu takes the opportunity to claim himself as heir to the throne.